• Sun. May 1st, 2022

Arthritis and its symptoms, causes, and the risk factor

Arthritis

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. With a variety of causes and treatments, the reliable source is over 100 different types of arthritis. Arthritis (OA) is the most reliable source of arthritis in the United States. Other common types of reliable sources are:

  • rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • psoriatic arthritis (PsA)
  • gout

Symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they appear suddenly. The typical age for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is between 30 and 50 years. However, it can affect children, teenagers, and younger adults.

Osteoarthritis (OA) usually develops after the age of 50 or 60, but some studies reveal radioactive evidence of OA in women in their 40s. It is also more common in overweight individuals.

Symptoms 

Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are reliable sources of joint pain. Your symptoms may feel worse in the morning when you get out of bed or when you get up after resting

Other symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • The limited range of motion sometimes goes away after the movement
  • Clicking or popping with bending
  • Muscle weakness around the joint
  • Instability or buckling of the joint
  • Bony growths in the fingers
  • Grating or scraping feeling in the knees

Other symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Morning stiffness lasts 30 minutes or more
  • More than one affected joint
  • Onset in smaller joints like feet and hands
  • The same joints on both sides of the body are affected
  • Fatigue
  • Low-grade fever
  • Inflammation of the eyes and mouth
  • Inflammation of the heart muscle and blood vessels
  • Low red blood cell count

Causes

There is no single cause of all types of arthritis. The cause or causes vary according to the type or form of arthritis.

Possible causes may include:

  • injury, leading to degenerative arthritis
  • abnormal metabolism, leading to gout and pseudogout
  • inheritance, such as in osteoarthritis
  • infections, such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease
  • immune system dysfunction, such as in Rheumatoid arthritis and SLE

Most types of arthritis are linked to a combination of factors, but some have no apparent cause and appear unpredictable in their appearance.

Some people are genetically more likely to have certain arthritic conditions. Additional factors, such as previous injury, infection, smoking, and physically demanding occupations, may be linked to genes to further increase the risk of arthritis.

Although specific foods, food sensitivities, or intolerance are not known to cause arthritis, diet, and nutrition play a role in managing the risk of gout and arthritis.

Foods that increase inflammation, especially foods derived from animals and foods high in refined sugars, can worsen symptoms such as eating foods that stimulate the immune system’s response.

Gout is a type of arthritis that is closely linked to diet because it is caused by high levels of uric acid, which may be the result of a diet rich in purines.

Foods high in purine, such as seafood, red wine, and meat, can trigger arthritis. However, vegetables and other plant foods that are high in purines do not increase the symptoms of arthritis.

Risk factors

The overall risk factors for arthritis Trusted Sources include:

  • Obesity. In particular, associated with OA, being overweight puts extra pressure on the weight-bearing joints in your body, such as your knees and hips. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness.
  • Age and gender. The risk of creating arthritis increases with age. Also, women are more likely rested Source than men to develop most forms of arthritis. The exception is gout, which is more eminent in men.
  • Overuse injuries. Exercise can increase the risk of developing OA in the affected joints later in life due to repeated stress injuries during your work or other activities.
  • Your genes. Family history of autoimmune diseases, as well as certain hereditary genes, may increase the risk of RA and other related arthritis
  • Smoking. If you smoke from a reliable source the risk of developing RA may increase and smoking may exacerbate this autoimmune disease.