• Thu. Jun 30th, 2022

Autism spectrum disorder and its symptoms, causes, risk factor, treatment

Autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a condition related to brain development that affects how a person perceives and interacts with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. This disorder also includes defined and repetitive behaviors. The term “spectrum” in autism spectrum disorder refers to a wide range of symptoms and severity.

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a disorder that is affecting more and more people – including autism, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disorder, and unspecified developmental disorders. Some people still use the term “Asperger’s Syndrome”, which is generally considered to be the mild end of the autism spectrum disorder.

Autism spectrum disorder starts at an early age and eventually leads to problems in functioning in the community – social, school, and work, for example. Often children show signs of autism in the first year. A small number of babies develop normally in the first year and then pass the recession period when they develop autism symptoms between 18 and 24 months.

Although there is no cure for autism spectrum disorder, intensive, early treatment can make a big difference in the lives of many children.


Some children show signs of autism spectrum disorder in childhood, such as decreased eye contact, lack of response to their name, or indifference to caregivers. Other children may develop normally in the first few months or years of life, but may abruptly retreat or become aggressive or lose the language ability they have already acquired. Symptoms usually appear within 2 years.

The level of individual behavior and severity of each child with autism spectrum disorder – from low activity to high activity

Some children with autism spectrum disorder have learning difficulties and some have fewer symptoms than normal. Other children with this disorder are normal and highly intelligent, they learn quickly, but have difficulty communicating and using what they know in everyday life and adapting to social situations.

Because of the unique combination of symptoms in each child, it can sometimes be difficult to determine the severity. It is usually based on the extent of the defects and how they affect the ability to function.

Below are some common symptoms are shown by people with an autism spectrum disorder.

Social communication and interaction

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social and communication skills, including any of the following symptoms:

  • If you fail to answer his name or sometimes it seems that you have not heard
  • Resists hugging, and holding and prefers to play alone, retreating into his or her world
  • Poor eye contact and lack of facial expressions
  • Loss of speech or procrastination or loss of previous ability to say words or sentences
  • Can’t start or continue the conversation, or just start one to label requests or items
  • Speaks with an unusual tone or rhythm and can use speech like a singing voice or a robot
  • Says words or phrases over and over again, but does not understand how to use them
  • Simple questions or directions not understood
  • Does not express feelings or emotions and appears unaware of the feelings of others
  • Items should not be mentioned or brought in to share an interest
  • Approaches inappropriate social interactions by causing inactivity, aggression, or disruption
  • Has difficulty recognizing non-verbal cues such as interpreting other people’s facial expressions, body postures, or tone of voice

Patterns of behavior

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have limited, recurrent patterns of behavior, interests, or activities that include any of these symptoms:

  • Performs repetitive movements such as rocking, spinning, or arm folding
  • Performs self-inflicted acts such as biting or hitting on the head
  • Creates specific practices or rituals and is disturbed at the slightest change
  • Have problems with coordination or odd movements or odd, harsh, or exaggerated body language such as awkwardness or walking on toes
  • Although inspired by the details of an object such as the rotating wheels of a toy car, the overall purpose or function of the object is not understood
  • Unusually sensitive to light, sound, or touch, but maybe indifferent to pain or temperature
  • Don’t engage in fake or believable games
  • Adjusts on an object or activity with extraordinary intensity or focus
  • There are specific dietary choices, such as eating only certain foods or refusing foods with a specific structure.

As they mature, some children with autism spectrum disorder become more involved with others and show less disturbance in behavior. Some, usually those with the most severe problems, may eventually lead a normal or normal life. Others, however, continue to have difficulty with language or social skills and may develop poor behavioral and emotional problems during adolescence.

Risk factors

The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is increasing. It is not clear whether this is due to better diagnosis and reporting or a real increase in the number of cases or both.

Autism Spectrum Disorder affects children of all races and nationalities, but some factors increase the risk to the child. These include:

  • Your child’s sex. Boys are four times more likely than women to develop autism spectrum disorder.
  • Family history. Families with a child with autism spectrum disorder are at higher risk of having another child with this disorder. It is not unusual for parents or relatives of a child with an autism spectrum disorder to experience minor problems with social or communication skills or to engage in certain behaviors that are common to the disorder
  • Other disorders. Children with certain medical conditions have a higher than normal risk of autism spectrum disorder or symptoms such as autism. Examples include debilitating X syndrome, a hereditary disorder that causes intellectual problems; tuberous sclerosis, a condition in which benign tumors form in the brain; And Red Syndrome, a genetic condition that occurs almost exclusively in women, with reduced head development, intellectual disability and loss of purposeful hand use
  • Extremely preterm babies. Babies born before 26 weeks of gestation may have a greater risk of autism spectrum disorder.
  • Parents’ ages. There may be an association between children born to elderly parents and autism spectrum disorder, but further research is needed to establish this link.

When to see a doctor

Children grow at their own pace, and many do not follow the exact deadline found in some parenting books. But children with autism spectrum disorder usually show some signs of delayed development before the age of 2 years.

If you are worried about your baby’s development or you suspect that your child may have autism spectrum disorder, discuss your concerns with your doctor. Symptoms associated with the disorder may be combined with other developmental disorders.

Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder often appear early in development, when there are obvious delays in language and social interactions. Your doctor may recommend developmental tests to find out if your child has a cognitive, language, or social impairment.