Retinols retinoids and retina how they work into the layers of the skin to improve skin turnover how we should incorporate them into our skincare routine or when we should steer clear away from them and how they help with reducing signs of aging and acne and last but not least debunking some myths about retinol and we’re gonna break it down for you and explain everything nice and clear and we’re also gonna be sharing of course with you guys our favorite retinol products that we’ve been using that we’ve been loving and hopefully even if you’re a beginner or you’re like an intermediate user of retinol you can kind of learn and see how it should really be used so let’s just get into what vitamin A is vitamin A is an active acne and anti-aging ingredient basically vitamin A is a retinoid in the bottom layers where the cells are produced in the dermis layer it will regenerate new cells to create new and fresh skin and this will push out the old ones to the surface and so this is the cycle that keeps recurring so how it works is our skin normally sheds and regenerates every 30 days so about every month or so when you use vitamin A or retinoids it increases this to about 14 to 21 days it also simultaneously helps with creasing oil production decreasing inflammation it kills P acnes which is the reason we get things like blemishes breakouts and acne but also unclog the pores as well as that it also helps to reduce egman tation and sunspots produce fine lines and wrinkles smooth sarva textured skin by resurfacing the top layers as well as reducing the look and the size of the pores and basically just evens out the skin tone because it is kind of like rapidly shedding that top layer of your skin so you can see why this is one of the most raved about ingredients on the market and that everyone wants to try but also that’s why it can be a double-edged sword because there’s nothing in the world that’s just good it has to be balanced out with some bad before we dive into that let’s talk about the different types of vitamin A and why we hear different things like retinols retinoids and what the differences actually are because they’re very different yeah.
So vitamin A or retinol is actually a family of ingredients that include retin-a and retinol it’s actually a compound that naturally occurs or developed in your body it helps with things like you’re your immune system repairs tissue damage it also helps with your eyesight that’s why there’s a lot of vitamin A in carrots which we advise for you to eat to help with eyesight the only type of retinol that your skin can actually feel or get effects from is when it’s in Ratanak acid retinoic acid is the medical grade of retinoids and it’s also known as tretinoin or also retin-a and this is the active ingredient that actually makes all the magic happen under the skin and you can only get it if it’s prescribed by your dermatologist because it is the strongest form of retinoid and because trend knowing and retin-a is already a form of retinoic acid it doesn’t need to be broken down by the enzymes in our skin for it to work it basically just works retina is almost a hundred times stronger than the average retinal cream that you buy from brands or over-the-counter and that’s why you’ll only see these ingredients in prescription only forms so you might be thinking this is great it’s really strong and it works but it’s actually really important to just consider your own skin and what you actually need if you are in the older years and you want to battle things like fine lines and wrinkles and you can ask your dermatologist for retin-a but if it’s things like prevention and you’re still in your early 20s or even thirty’s over-the-counter retinol does basically the same thing in a much gentler form now let’s go over to Mia where she’ll talk about retinol we can get this anywhere over they counter a lot of brands do them even drugstore because retinol is more mild it’s more gentle they’re less side effects and you won’t have to worry about it burning off your face so the process of converting the retinol into a red tonic acid takes about couple of weeks therefore it’s suggested to be consistently using retinol products for at least a couple of months before you see actual results because retinol is designed to basically take off layers of skin on the stratum corneum which is the most toughest layer of the skin and it also at the same times it thickens the dermis layer which is a deeper layer of the skin by increasing the collagen production so at the same time not only is it plumping your skin it’s making it appear less wrinkles it’s also going to exfoliate the tops layer which means it gives you better tone and texture so at the same time it’s doing that process while making your skin look better and more youthful alright so now that we know what it actually is when do we actually start using it and incorporating it into our own skincare routine so personally..
I’m in mid 25s and it was actually this year late last year that actually just started using retinols the general consensus and what you’ll hear from your dermatologist is that in your early and mid 20s is when you want to start incorporating retinols into your skincare routine because it’s all about prevention this is actually when ourskin cell turnover starts to slowly decrease at very little percentages year by year so it’s not a lot but it still happens that’s why the older you get the thinner your skin is because it’s producing less collagen and collagen is the skin strengthening protein that makes us look plump useful gives us that radiant glow because we are young and all sorry if you’re out in the Sun a lot flailing around you know living your best life the Sun actually directly kills college in your skin so if you’re not protecting it with sunscreen in your early years prevention is actually much harder later on so you always want to make sure you’re using a sunscreen especially when it comes to vitamin A like retinols and retinoids so that’s a general rule of thumb you don’t want to even think about this before you hit 20 or even like 22 because you’re still fine calm down so you’re probably thinking oh my god oh my god this is a magic potion give me more more MORE wrong from my personal experience using excess of retinol products can actually cause irritation and drying at the skin at the same time if you have skin conditions like eczema or rosacea you might not be able to tolerate it at first but it doesn’t mean that you can’t use it you just have to slowly introduce it into your skincare routine if you have uber sensitive skin like that you might be a little bit more wary and just be more careful of what type of retinol is you use on your skin so if you haven’t used retinols before there are definitely rules that you should follow because it’s all about the importance of application in order for it to really work so here’s what you want to do if you’re a beginner user first one is that after you wash your face you want to make sure it’s completely dry so I would wait maybe like five minutes or two to five minutes after you’ve washed it just to make sure that it’s not damp and this is super important because if you apply retinols on to damp or wet skin it’ll actually absorb deeper into the layers which can increase the potential that your skin gets irritated but when it comes to retinol.
You want to make sure that it’s completely dry and I like to just take two to three drops of this and dot this on my cheeks chin and forehead and spread evenly over the skin in an upward motion and of course avoiding the eye area and then follow it with a moisturizer because the moisturizer will rehydrate the skin to avoid flakiness and irritation and really just lock in the moisture and seal everything in together so another way is if you think you have super sensitive skin or you’ve tried before and you’ve come out irritated and inflamed what you can do is wash your face and then moisturize wait 30 minutes for the moisturizer to be completely absorbed into the skin and then use a retinol and this kind of creates and acts like a buffer so that it’s not as like targeted and it’s not as strong to your skin so you can use this method and do it for the first couple of weeks just so your skin gets used to the retinol and then you can go back to the first method that I said you can actually use two to three pumps of this mix it in with your serum or mix it in with your moisturizer and then apply the retinol and your moisturizer together onto the skin and this is a much more gentle way of applying it if you’re a beginner and of course if your skin is very sensitive and retinol the only to be used at night and in the morning afterwards always follow up with a sunscreen because using retinols increases your skin sensitivity to ultraviolet light and because it is so sensitive if you don’t use the sunscreen and you step out into the Sun you’ll actually increase the like pigmentation and brown spots basically everything that you’re trying to get rid of so as a beginner how often should I use it first of all you want to be super observant of how your skin reacts the very first time so if you find that you have irritation and inflammation which have a method that you choose either mixing it in with a serum or moisturizer or using it straight after your cleanser you use that every night for two nights and then you leave it for two nights let your skin rest let your skin settle and then use it again for two nights.
So the keys you want to be really consistent with it because retinol is only work if you’re very consistent and you do it for a prolonged period of time and it actually takes one to two or even three months for you to actually see the results in your skin if you find that the two nights is still too harsh then I would just like spread it so you can do one night on two nights off or one night on one I don’t and only when you feel like your skin is getting used to it maybe after like two or three weeks of that repetition then you’ll kind of be able to increase the usage maybe two every night here are some of the retinol products that I really liked so the first one is as I mentioned the pull is choice booster with the booster you can actually mix it into your serum or moisturizer this is a much gentler way of using retinol rather than by itself and then applying moisturizer afterwards but this again depends on how your skin reacts this is a 1% pure retinol and it also has things like apple extract and licorice to help with soothing and brightening the skin so this was actually the first one that I ever used and I didn’t find any sort of reaction to my skin so I highly recommend that you guys try this as well if you’re just starting if you’re looking for another affordable retinol there’s also the Schifrin gel which is actually approved by dermatologists because up until recently it was a prescription only gel that you can use but now it’s actually an over-the-counter that you can find in your local drugstore and this one’s good for those with oily and acne prone skin it’s also oil-free and fragrance free and apart from the retinoids it has no other like irritating ingredients but on top of that if you maybe want something a little bit stronger in the retinol like family you can look for the rough retinal correction deep wrinkle night cream and this is the highest strength of retinol you can get in the drugstore before you actually go to a dermatologist so for most people you’ll probably stay within this realm of retinoids unless you have other kind of like intense skincare issues then you want to go to your dermatologist and ask for like a retinoid.
There’s also Neutrogena I really love Neutrogena products actually because they just work really well for me and there’s one called the ageless intensive deep wrinkle night moisturizer which includes retinol and this one’s obviously a moisturizer so you don’t have to mix it or anything it’s not the pure form so it’s also gentle on the skin all right so now Mia’s going to share with you guys how she uses it as a person who’s used to it for like many years now so how I use my retinol routine is I use no no products two nights in a row and on the I use an IH a or glycolic acid serum then I use another two days of retinol products and then on the sixth night I’ll use a hydrating serum so just pure how long ago I said that just goes on the skin and helps to plump and rehydrate the skin using an IH a or glycolic acid serum on the third night basically helps to assist removing any excess layers of skin or dead skin that’s hanging on the surface layer and then just helping with that turnover and then on the sixth night just help to reboost and hydrate the skin of course it is very important to hydrate the skin during the day after using retinol because you want to make sure that your skin is hydrated and no moisture has been stripped away and I’m also speaking from personal experience with when I first used retinol products I wasn’t really diligent with my sunscreen game I probably didn’t reapply as I should have and I did notice a few spots so make sure you definitely put on sunscreen no matter where you’re going because if your skins gotta be more sensitive during those times especially if you’re using like larger amounts of retinol products or higher concentration of it as well so of course you can slowly work your skin up to increasing the level of retinol but also the frequency but if you’re someone who have really sensitive skin then maybe stick to Felicia’s first for someone who is really really a intermediate level or even an advanced level and using retinol then you can obviously amp it up and using every night instead of the two nights in a row so it’s really up to you and how your skin feels you should really listen to your skin and see how your skin is and then just work according to it another thing is people like to use vitamin C with no products and that is totally fine what you can do is use your vitamin C during the day because vitamin C will help fight off free radicals and then using your retinol a peptide that night will help with the skin turnover and renewal process gonna go ahead and talk about the types of retinol that I’m currently using and loving and the first is the PC a skin intensive clarity treatment 0.5% pure retinol as you can see from the packaging.
I have used this baby to death and i’m definitely going to get another one now this is something that I go to when I’m having a little breakout here and they’re usually from like using too much products or not removing my makeup properly or just having a reaction to certain foundations and so forth I find that when I do apply this on to my skin the next one everything seems to go back to normal and I kind of use this as my safety blanket I never normally use this twice in a row I’m gonna use this one time and I feel like it’s really effective the texture of this is quite gel like also has like a weird scent but I’m pretty sure that’s what retinol smells like in general this PCA has a slow delivery system where it actually delivers the products through like 8 or 12 hours I believe and it also goes into deeper on the skin so allowing the products to work better for me I just feel like I do see a result the next morning and that’s why I have been using this and will still continue to use this for all my acne problems so on the third night this one is the one I’m currently using which is also drunk elephant TCL guy called night serum so I have been using the serum for the longest time even before I started using retinol I love this for that extra exfoliation it just remove any dead skin cells left on the skin you will notice that as you start to use retinol you will feel a little bit drier than normal especially if you’re in climates that it’s like winter and it’s windy and it’s dehydration you’re not drinking enough water it shows in your skin and this just makes sure that extra layer of dry skin is removed so that when you do need to apply moisturizer and makeup on the next day you don’t get dry patches everywhere and I find that super effective especially in my t-zone area so that’s where I focus on mostly so a new one to the family is the drunk elephant a personî retinol cream this is quite new but also really effective a vegan retinol and also be able to use during the day as well as at night me.
Personally I prefer my retinol treatments at nighttime when my skin’s rejuvenating and I still prefer moisturizing or protection during the day so this is probably the highest retinol product that I’m currently using I used it on a second night or the fifth night because I don’t like to use this two days in a row it is obviously being the highest concentration of retinol I do find that if I use this too often it might really dry out my skin so after the third day of using the glycolic acid I go back to retinol and then I usually go back to something a little less crazy and this is the ordinary retinol 0.2 percent this is definitely the smallest amount of retinol that I use in my regime I actually only started using this recently because I wanted something that wasn’t going to be too crazy and also this is definitely in a more affordable range we that is 0.2% I do lather this all over my face it also is in a very watery consistency so it’s something that I have to actually put on physically without having to let it drip all over my eyes so you still have to avoid the eye area and any way that’s sensitive one time I accidentally put it on my eyes and I started to see like peeling in those areas so it is very important to make sure that it is still retinal at the end the day and you need to be careful where you place it all right so if you’re wondering are there any natural alternatives yes there is so there’s been a lot of rave about this new ingredient new kid on the block and it’s called rocky soil kind of sounds like bok choy so there isn’t as much extensive research into this some dermatologists have found that it creates the same effect as that like plumping reducing fine lines brightening effect has vitamin A but it’s not something that’s been like proven over a long time and it’s in products like Olay Henriksen good night glow retinol sleeping cream.
It also includes AJ’s bioscience squalane and fighter retinol serum Amuro Vicks miracle facial that you can get at Sephora sir personally I haven’t tried any of these but I just you know we’re all about like natural ingredients and this is just one to put on your radar if you are interested and then Mia also uses one from Chanel there are many other topical antioxidants peptides essences that have similar all the same benefits as retinol but of course the level of effective is varies depending on the ingredients elf for instance Chanel Ola lift recently came out with a natural ingredient called L self or extract which is known to have the same benefits and effectiveness as retinol – the sun exposure a problem where it actually enhances the skins barrier against sun protection so you never know technologies is always advancing we’re always seeing new things and we’re always hearing about new things as well so it has the same benefits but it can also be used on pregnant ladies so guys and that’s what vitamin A is I hope you guys now know the difference between retinol retinyl Breton a it’s an ingredient that you should probably start looking into when you’re in your 20s definitely in your 30s because it really does have proven results the next one will obviously be a vitamin B but specifically vitamin b3.